Tag Archives: The in Spanish

Definite and Indefinite articles in Spanish

In today’s blog, we learn the difference between definite and indefinite articles and their usage in Spanish!

The difference between definite articles and indefinite articles is that definite articles (like the) are associated with specific or particular items while indefinite articles (like a and an) may refer to any item

For example :
1. Give me the red pen – you are referring to a particular pen
2. Give me a pen – you want any pen

Definite articles in Spanish: In English, ‘the’ is used as the definite article regardless of gender or count (singular/plural).
However in Spanish, the definite article ‘the’ has four forms – el, la, los and las

The definite article in Spanish varies on the basis of gender and count

With masculine/mixed noun in singular form, the form of ‘the’ used is ‘el
With feminine noun in singular form we use ‘la
With masculine/mixed nouns in plural form we use ‘los
And with feminine nouns in plural form we use ‘las

The masculine plural definite article (los) is also used to indicate a group of mixed gender

Here are a few examples:

The male cat is El gato

The female cats is Las gatas

Indefinite articles: In Spanish, the indefinite article has 4 forms, depending on whether the noun is masculine, feminine, singular or plural
They are Un, Una, Unos, and Unas

With masculine/mixed noun in singular form, the form of ‘a/an’ used is ‘un
With feminine noun in singular form we use ‘una
With masculine/mixed nouns in plural form we use ‘unos
And with feminine nouns in plural form we use ‘unas

Examples:

 Some male/mixed cats is Unos gatos

A female cat is Una gata

For more details on articles along with lots of examples, refer to this lesson on CultureAlley

http://culturealley.com/Spanish-Learn+Spanish-14%29+Definite+and+indefinite+articles%3A+a%2C+and%2C+the